Football : A basic guideline

Football : A basic guideline

Football : A basic guideline – Football is played between two teams of eleven players. In this game,each player tries to kick the ball to the opponent’s goal area. Each successful kick is known as goal and awarded with points. Within the time period, the team which has scored more goals is declared as winner.

Football : A basic guideline

Football : A basic guideline
Football : A basic guideline

Playing Area

The game is played on a rectangular field which is made up of turf (grass) or artificial turf. The longer sides in known as touchline and the other sides are known as goal lines. Four flags are placed at the four corners of the field. The touchlines are of 90 m to 120 m in length while goal line are must be between 45 m to 90 m. For international matches, the goal lines must be between 64 m and 75 m long and the touchlines must be between 100 m and 110 m.

Goals are placed at the centre of each goal line which is placed equidistant from the corner flag posts. Goalposts are of white colour and are made up of wood, metal or approved material. The inner edges of the posts must be 7.32 metres apart and he lower edge of the posts must be 2.44 metres above the ground. A goal is scored when the ball crosses the goal line between the goal-posts.


If any player during the game breaks the rules, his team has to face some penalty. Most penalties result in replaying the down and moving the ball toward the offending team’s end zone.When a “double foul” occurs, when both teams commit a foul during a play, the fouls are usually offset and the down is replayed.There are many types of fouls such as holding, helmet to helmet collision, False start, block in back, blocking below the wrist, chop block, clipping, delay of game, encroachment, equipment violation, face mask, illegal contact, illegal forward pass, illegal kick, illegal shift, illegal touching of a forward pass or free kick, illegal use of hands or any unhealthybehaviour.

Federation International ede Football Association (FIFA)

FIFA is the governing body of world football. It is responsible for organising major football tournaments which also includes men’s and women’s world cup. It was formed on 21st May, 1904. Currently its headquarters is in Zurich, Switzerland. Gianni Infantino is the current president of FIFA. Although FIFA does not control the rules of football but it is responsible for organising numbers of tournaments and their promotion. Till now 211 nations has joined FIFA.

All India Football Federation (AIFF)

The All India Football Federation (AIFF) manages the game of football in India.It was formed in 1937 but gained FIFA affliction in 1948. Its headquarter is in New Delhi and the current head is Praful Patel. It administers theIndian national football team and also organises domestic football tournaments like Indian super league, I- league, Federation cup, Durand cup, Santosh cup, I- league of U-18 and U-15, Subrot cup, Re Roy trophy and Indian women’s football Championship.

Famous Personalities

There are many renowned name in the game of football which gave their everything to this incredible game includes Lionel Messi, Cristiano Ronaldo, ZinedineZindane, Jock Stirn, Alex Ferguson, Barry Venison, Bill Shunkly, David Beckham, Diego Maradona, Eric Cantona, Fernando Torres, Frank Stynes and many more. BainchungBhutia, Sunil Chhetri, Peter Thangaraj, SailendarNath Manna, Jarnail Singh Dhillon, Gostha Pal, P K Banerjee, SubimalChuniGoswamiand few more Indian players has done good jobs in the game of football. Aditi Chauhan, AnjanaSaikia, Upamati Devi, Romi Devi Ashem, SupravaSamal, Jeneel Desai, NgangomBala Devi and many other indian daughters has uplifted our country’s name in the game of football.

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